A light or yellow eye usually indicates that elec- trolyte has dropped below the necessary level. You can print out one page, chapter or the whole thing. When the valve becomes sticky and will not operate freely, it should bereplaced. Removethe hose and close the bleedervalve. Remove the retainer and spark plug wires from the cap. In the event of a warranty problem, these receipts will be invalua; le.
Tighten the clamps securely, but do not distort them. But, in certain applica- tions, a manufacturer's engineers may determinethat more preciseclamp toads are necessary such is the case with many aluminum cylinder heads. In these cases,a torque angle method of installation would be specified. In addition to the above items there are several others that are not absolutely necessary, but handy to have around. If a torque figure is not available, remember that if you are using the right tool to perform the job, you will probably not have to strain yourself to get a fastener tight enough.
Thread gauges are available to help measure a bolt or stud's thread. The screw-in type is slower to use, but e! It cons sts of a pointer attached to the head that runs the length of the flexible beam srpft to a scale located near the handle. The battery testing hydrometer has a squeeze bulb at one end and a nozzle at the other. Serpentine Belts The serpentine belt tension can be checked by simply observing the belt acceptable belt wear range indicator located on the tensioner spindle. Standard and accepted safety precautions and equipment should be used when handling toxic or flammable fluids, and safety goggles or other protectionshould be used during cutting, grinding, chiseling,prying. Short sleeves are much safer than long, loose sleeves.
Nut - 18 ini Fig. Crank the engine for 10-15 seconds, then wait one minute for the starter motor to cool. If aten- sion gauge is not available, tension can be checked with moderate thumb pres- sure applied to the belt at its longest span midway between pulleys. The click type torque wrenches tend to be more expensive. If they are not going to bereplaced, clean the plugs thoroughly. It is better to have belts too loose than too tight, because overtight belts will lead to bearing failure, particularly in the water pump and alternator. Maintenance or Repair: Maintenance includes routine inspections, adjustments, and replacertent of parts which show signs of normal wear.
Beam Type The beam type torque wrench is one of the most popular types. Never allow a tool to bridge the gap between the negative and positive battery terminals. The wrench or socket should sit straight, not cocked. Use has beenkept to a minimum, butwhere lumber of the tool manufacturer. Pivot Head Type I SeeFigure 22 Some torque wrenches usually of the click type may be equipped with a pivot head which can allow it to be used in areas of limited access. Depress and release the 4 distributor cap-to-housing retainers and lift off the cap assembly.
On non-sealed batter- ies, the level can be checked either through the case if translucent or by removing the cell caps. Loosen the clamps and remove the canister. Keep all receipts fo such items as engine oil and filters, so that they may be referred to in case of j elated problems or to determine operating expenses. Absolutely never attempt to bend the center electrode. If the plugs are cleaned, the electrodes must be filed flat. Always care- fully thread the plug by hand or using an old plug wire to prevf nt the possibility of crossthreading and damaging the cylinder head ore. A torque angle gauge mechanical protractor is used for these applications.
Loosen the driven accessory's pivot and mounting bolts. It contains the exact information as the traditional physical manual and covers: Introduction Instrument Cluster Entertainment Systems Climate Controls Lights Driver Controls Locks and Security Seating and Safety Restraints Driving Customer Assistance Reporting safety defects U. U-joint or wobble extensions can greatly affect the readings; avoid their use at all times. A more advanced set of tools, suitable for tune-up work, can be drawn up easily. Safety is always the most important rule. If water is added in freezing weather, the vehicle should be drivenseveral miles to allow the water to mix with the electrolyte.
A battery which is not secured mayallow acid to leak, making it discharge faster. Its survival was greeted warmly by fans of the vehicle, who consider it to be a highly reliable option. When tightening a threaded fastener, torque is applied in three distinc areas, the head, the bearing surface and the clamp load. Power Steering Pump Pulley 55 Aif Conditioning Compressor Pulley 56 Idler Pulley 60. Drain the fuel from the fuel filter by opening both the air bleed and the water drain valve allowing the fuel to drain out into an appropriate container.